The concepts and practices of Yoga originated in India about several thousand years ago. Its founders were great Saints and Sages. Yoga is one of the six systems of Vedic philosophy. Maharishi Patanjali, rightly called “The Father of Yoga” compiled and refined various aspects of Yoga systematically in his “Yoga Sutras” (aphorisms). He advocated the eight folds path of Yoga, popularly known as “Ashtanga Yoga” for all-round development of human beings.
Understanding the need for Yoga, the HRD has identified six central universities to run yoga department. The Union Ministry of Human Resource Development had already appointed the committee for making recommendations on Yoga Education in Universities.
On the basis of HRD’s recommendation, the University Grants Commission (UGC) had been directed to promote five yoga courses in Universities and Colleges.
Minister of State (HRD), Satya Pal Singh confirmed the news. The committee is working under the chairpersonship of Prof HR Nagendra, Chancellor, Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana, Bengaluru (S-VYASA).
The following Central Universities had been identified to start the Yoga Departments:
1. Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University, Uttarakhand
2. Visva Bharti Shantiniketan, West Bengal
3. Central University of Rajasthan
4. Central University of Kerala
5. Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Madhya Pradesh
6. Manipur University.
Course and Course Code-wise duration of Yoga courses are as follows:
• Bachelors of Science (Yoga), B.Sc(Yoga): 3 to 6 years
• Masters of Science (Yoga), M.Sc (Yoga): 2 to 4 years
• Doctor of Philosophy (Yoga), PhD (Yoga): As per the PhD duration specified by UGC
• Post Graduate Diploma in Yoga, PGDY: 1 to 2 years
• Post Graduate Diploma in Yoga Therapy, PGDYT: 1 to 2 years
• To provide an exposure to various fundamentals, types, and aspects of Yoga practices along with Indian philosophy.
• The goal of teaching Yoga Therapy to students is aimed at giving the student comprehensive medical knowledge of the disease and its Yogic Management.
• Students should be able to independently handle a patient and administer yoga therapy;
• Effectively treat the patients having various psychosomatic ailments.
• Provide them with comprehensive knowledge of Yogic therapeutic techniques applicable to various ailments.
The Ministry of AYUSH has informed that there is no Central legislation for regulation of education and practice yoga and naturopathy system. However, the Ministry of AYUSH has taken up the issue of granting central registration to the Bachelors of Naturopathy and Yogic Science (BNYS) through Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy.