National Achievement Survey is a large-scale assessment exercise designed to determine educational standards across the country. The National Achievement Survey (NAS), 2017 was conducted throughout the country on November 13, 2017, for Classes 3, 5 and 8 in government and government-aided schools.
The survey tools used multiple test booklets with 45 questions in Classes III and V and 60 questions in Class VIII in Mathematics, Language, Environmental Sciences, Sciences and Social Sciences. The competency-based test questions developed reflected the Learning Outcomes which were recently incorporated in the Central Rules for RTE Act by the Government of India. Along with the test items, questionnaires pertaining to students, teachers, and schools were also used.
As per the survey which was conducted among 25 lakhs school children from 1.1 lakh schools, it was found that Indian students start out brightly but lose grip on various subjects as they go up in school.
As per MHRD, all the 29 states and seven union territories participated and 1.7 lakh field investigators and 12,000 interdepartmental observers were deployed conduct of the survey.
The average percent of correct answers by students shows a declining trend as they reach higher classes. In Delhi—one of the worst states in the survey—in class 3rd, on an average, children are responding to 54% questions correctly in mathematics, while in class 5th the figure comes down to 44%. This figure drops down to a further 32% as they’re promoted to class 8th.
Interestingly, Bihar, with the lowest literacy rate among Indian states, shows a much better trend in mathematics learning. In class 3rd, on an average, children are responding to 63% questions correctly in mathematics, while in class 5th it is 52% and in class 8th 45%.
West Bengal at the bottom in percentage shift
The maximum percentage shift was seen in West Bengal where students scoring 71% in class 3rd dropped to 39% in class 8th—a big 32 point percentage change. The minimum percentage shift was recorded in Rajasthan and Jharkhand at 15%.
Karnataka tops the list in class 3rd and 5th
In Karnataka, 3rd class children respond to 75% mathematics questions correctly. As they promote to class 5th, this rate is 67% and in class 8th it’s 51%. For class 8th, the highest percentage is 57% in Rajasthan.
Arunachal Pradesh least scorer in class 3rd and 5th
In Arunachal, class 3rd children respond to only 49% mathematics questions correctly. As they promote to class 5th, this rate gets down to 39%. The least scorer in 8th class was Sikkim with only 30% questions answered correctly by the students.
Jharkhand and Karnataka students highest scorers in science
Students from Karnataka and Jharkhand answered 53% questions correctly. Puducherry was the least scorer with only 31% questions correctly answered. The national capital Delhi was fourth last after Daman & Diu and Arunachal where 34% questions were answered correctly by the students.
Job satisfaction among teacher:
The National Achievement Survey also assessed job satisfaction among teachers. 44% teachers in Delhi said they’re highly satisfied with their Job. In Bihar and Karnataka, such teachers were 50% and 79% respectively.
HRD minister Prakash Javadekar said: “NAS is a transparent and credible exercise done under third-party verification.”
This was the largest assessment survey conducted in the country and among the largest in the world. Competency-based learning outcomes of 2.2 million students from 1,10,000 schools across 700 districts in all 36 states/UTs were assessed. The survey tools used multiple test booklets with 45 questions for classes 3rd and 5th and 60 questions for class 8th in mathematics, language, environmental sciences, sciences and social sciences.