Every year thousands of young people choose Engineering colleges as one of the best-paid careers: one that offers opportunities for foreign travel; has an enormous number of kinds of interesting work; is very well respected, and has excellent career prospects. The career (you may already have worked out) is engineering.
Despite all facts, India is experiencing a reduction in engineering enrollment similar to the trend that has occurred across the U.S. over the last few years. There is no single reason for unemployment amongst engineering graduates but there are a number of factors affecting engineering graduate employment like importance of students’ early engagement with career planning and the final year application process, relevant work experience, the distinction between the MEng and the BEng in employers’ recruitment criteria and the ability of graduates to articulate their skills and competencies effectively etc.
All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) was set-up in November 1945 as a national level Apex Advisory Body to conduct a survey on the facilities on technical education and to promote development in the country in a coordinated and integrated manner. According to All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), out of the eight lakh graduate engineers from technical institutions in the country, more than 60 percent remain unemployed.
In the other report, AICTE cited that 45 percent seats remained vacant in AICTE approved engineering colleges across the country in the last four years, the Lok Sabha was informed Monday.
Minister of State for Human Resource Development Satya Pal Singh said,” 48.79 percent seats remained vacant during the 2014-15 academic session while the percentage of seats that remained vacant during 2015-16, 2017-18 and 2018-19 was 47.68 percent, 49.70 percent, and 49.30 percent respectively.”
He added, “The actual enrolment in technical institutes is based on the demand-supply situation which is attributed to the location of the institute, research and infrastructure facilities and placement opportunities”.
Since 2016, the number of engineering seats has been on the decline. According to AICTE, it is around 75,000 annually. In 2016-17, total intake capacity at undergraduate level was 15,71,220, of which total enrolment was 7,87,127, which is just around 50.1 percent. In 2015-16, total intake was 16,47,155, of which enrolment was 8,60,357, which was 52.2 percent.
As per reports, just 15 percent of 3200 institutions offer engineering courses recognized by the National Board of Accreditation (NBA). This comes to an annual potential loss of 20 lakh man days. While engineering students which apply for summer internships are less than 1%.
AICTE wants to close down about 800 engineering colleges across India. There are no takers for their seats, and admissions are plunging in these colleges every year.
The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) had received 239 applications from engineering and technical institutes for closure out of which 51 institutes were granted letter of approval.